- Scalp flaps: Transferring a hair – bearing part of scalps to the bald area.
- Reducing the extension of the bald area by surgical methods.
- Planting artificial hair in the skin of the bald area.
- Transplanting hair follicles and restoring a natural look in the bald or thin area.
The 1st three methods are only used in special cases because of the unpleasant look they bring , allergies of the artificial material and graft rejection.
The 4th method which is the one mostly used throughout the world is done in different methods:
a) Punch method
b) Micro and mini graft and it is latest version follicular unit graft
In the punch method bunches of extracted hair follicles are transplanted in the recipient are. Because of it is doll – like, brush – like appearance, patients are not pleased with the result and in fact it brings extra stress and anxiety.
But the micro- mini grafts give a normal appearance to the bald area.
First, a hair – bearing part of the skin is incised and taken from the back or side of the head (the area which lacks androgenic hormone receptor). Then it is divided into follicular unit graft with sharp instruments. The grafts are then transplanted in the bald area or between the existing hair follicles in the thin area. The growth of these follicles gives a normal and natural look which pleases the patients.
Unlike the punch method where holes are made in the recipient area, only sharp thin openings are made.
Who Is Candidate for Hair Transplantation?
- Men with androgenetic alopecia or thin hair.
- Women with thin hair.
- Patients who have become bald following diseases, burns or surgery of scalp.
- Patients who have thin or no eyebrows, eyelashes congenitally.
- Patients whose beard or moustache has local or linear alopecia following trouma or surgeries. (cleft lip)
- People who have thin eyebrows following tattooing.
- Patients who have undergone flap surgery or punch before and are not pleased with the result.